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Academic Programmes

  • 4-year B.Tech. (Hons.) in Agricultural and Food Engineering
  • 5-year Dual Degree in all engineering disciplines
  • 2-year M.Tech programme in 6 disciplines
  • M.S. and Ph.D. programmes

B.Tech. (Hons.) in Agricultural and Food Engineering

With increase in growth and associated industrial potential, Indian agriculture has now been accorded the status of an industry. It requires technical manpower for the development of farm machines, management of land and water resources, production of agricultural commodities, and manufacture of processed food. The course on Agricultural and Food Engineering aims at producing engineering graduates to meet the requirement of such technical manpower. In order to keep pace with the technological advancements in agriculture, the course has been suitably upgraded to include specialized training in design, development, testing and selection of tractors and farm implements; irrigation and drainage engineering; watershed management using remote sensing and GIS; information technology; processing of food, fodder and fibre; utilization of biomass, byproducts and wastes in the production of chemicals, fuels, manure and non-conventional energy. The course provides ample flexibility to the students for acquiring expertise in any of the three major areas of specialization namely, Farm Machinery and Power, Land and Water Resources Engineering and Food Process Engineering. The course also provides opportunity to the students to earn a MINOR in any discipline other than the B.Tech. (Hons.) degree such as Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Civil Engineering.

M.Tech. in Farm Machinery and Power (AG 1)

The course aims at developing and disseminating engineering knowledge and skills for the mechanization of farm operations and utilization of farm power and alternative energy resources in sustainable agricultural production and environmental management. It also focuses on automation of farm machines and operations. To meet the demands of Tractor industries, Power tiller manufacturers, Implement manufacturers, the students are trained in theoretical and applied subjects of Design and Practices of Farm Machinery, Tractor Systems Design, Soil Dynamics in Tillage and Traction, Land Grading and Earth Moving Machinery, Ergonomics, Finite Element Techniques, Computer Software, Instrumentation and Renewable Energy Systems with latest trends and concepts like CAD, MATLAB, PRO/E and modelling.

M.Tech. in Land and Water Resources Engineering (AG 2)

The program emphasizes on the interaction of land and water systems along with changing climate conditions in agricultural production and imparts knowledge and skills necessary for the proper development and management of land and water resources for agriculture. Students of Agricultural and Civil Engineering are trained with the fundamentals of surface and subsurface hydrology in general with a focus on sustainable land and water resources planning and management, including conjunctive use of surface and groundwater, management of waterlogging and salinisation in canal commands, integrated water resources management as well as climatic and socio-economic impacts on water resources. In-depth knowledge of modern tools and techniques such as Simulation and Optimization Modeling, Remote Sensing (RS), Geographic Information System (GIS) and Emerging Soft-Computing Techniques, together with their application to land and water resources (both quantity and quality) management is provided.

M.Tech. in Food Process Engineering (AG 3)

The course was redesigned in 2010 after merger of two major food disciplines Dairy and Food Engineering and Post Harvest Engineering, aiming to disseminate knowledge and technical knowhow to agricultural/ mechanical/chemical/ biochemical/ food engineers for the applications of food process engineering principles and practices in industrial production of high value dairy and food products. To meet the technological demand of dairy and food processing industries, the students are trained in the fundamental of Food Chemistry and Microbiology, Dairy and Food Products and their Process Technologies, Advanced Thermal and Mechanical Operations in Food Processing, Fats and Oils Technology, Refrigeration Systems, Instrumentation and Process Control, Novel and Non-thermal Food Processing Technologies, Packaging and Quality Assurance. The students are also trained in mathematical modeling and simulation of various food processing operations for their optimized design.

M.Tech. in Agricultural Biotechnology (AG 4)

The M.Tech. programme in agricultural biotechnology has originated from applied botany. Historically, applied botany was the oldest life science-based postgraduate course in the Institute. Over the years, there has been dramatic change in the field of botany with the advent of genetics, molecular biology, metabolic engineering and bioinformatics. All this leads to the emergence of an umbrella, termed 'agricultural biotechnology' that focuses on applied aspects of plant sciences leading to the improvement in the qualities and quantities of agricultural produces. In tune with the need, demand and progress, the curricula have gradually been modified and updated. The programme is primarily oriented to create specialized human resources that would meet the challenges and promises of life science-based technologies. The core subjects have focused on crop improvements using breeding and recombinant-DNA based technologies. Emphasis has also been given on the separation technologies for plant-based products. The electives that compliment the core subjects are Modern Genetics, Advanced Plant Physiology, Pharmacognosy and Metabolic Engineering, Environmental Biotechnology, Protein Engineering, Seed Technology, Food Biotechnology and Statistical Techniques and Computer Programming. The discipline has well equipped laboratories for cutting-edge research in the areas of microbial biotechnology, plant tissue culture engineering, cryobiology, algal biotechnology and natural product biotechnology.

M.Tech. in Aquacultural Engineering (AG 5)

The course in Aquacultural Engineering has started in 1984 with the objective of augmenting engineering inputs in the field of fisheries and aquaculture in the country as a result of the recommendation of the Planning Commission. The course includes following subjects: Open channel hydraulics and coastal engineering, Fishery biology and Fish culture techniques, Principles of fishing technology, Water quality management practices, Planning and Design of Aquacultural Projects, Design of Aquacultural Facilities and Equipments, Advanced Aquaculture Technology and Processing and Preservation of Aquacultural Products. The M.Tech. dissertation projects are offered in various fields of fisheries and aquaculture. Some of the current M.Tech. projects include the following: Development of recirculatory aquacultural system based on bioremediation and integrated bioplastic production, Development of ready to eat snacks from low valued underutilized marine fishes, Design characteristics of Circular Stepped Cascade-Pump (CSCP) Aeration System and High pressure processing of shrimp / Hilsa.

M.Tech. in Agricultural Systems and Management (AG 6)

The M.Tech course in Agricultural Systems and Management is a broad-based and interdisciplinary in nature, integrating all relevant disciplines i.e. Agronomy, Soil Science, Agricultural Engineering, Management, and Biological Science, to provide a holistic approach for planning, development and management of agriculture. The holistic approach essentially considers agriculture as a system in the perspective of increasing demand for profitable market of the quality produce, limiting resources and degrading environment. It provides fuller understanding of the system at all phases of development from planning to execution, management, evaluation, improvement and design of newer system and also helps to identify resource constraints for the optimization of production attuned to the needs of Agro-based Industries and Market.

M.S. and Ph.D. Programme

As per provision of IIT Kharagpur, the department provides facilities in its various disciplines at postgraduate level with more emphasis on research, leading to the degree of M.S. A graduate in Agricultural Engineering or an M.Sc. in appropriate science subjects is eligible to M.S. programme. The department also provides facilities for research in all its disciplines: Farm Machinery and Power, Land and Water Resources Engineering, Food Process Engineering, Aquacultural Engineering, Agricultural Bio-technology, Agronomy and Soil Science, leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) of the Institute. The award of the Ph.D. degree is made on the basis of satisfactory performance in prescribed course work and seminar, and thesis submitted by the candidate on his research and final Viva-voce. The minimum qualification required for admission to the Ph.D. programme is an M.Tech. / M.Sc. / M.S. / B.Tech. degree in appropriate disciplines. Candidates with B.Tech. and M.Sc. degree are required to qualify in GATE. A candidate is required to devote a minimum period of 3 years to submit his thesis. However, candidates with M.Tech. or M.S. degree are eligible to submit thesis after a minimum period of 2 years.